We, the undersigned organizations and individuals, support pono (proper) aquaculture. Unfortunately, lax regulation has allowed aquaculture, particularly forms of open ocean aquaculture (OOA) to devastate natural resources and undermine ocean-dependent communities globally. The current efforts by capital-gain driven aquaculture operations towards ocean feedlots victimizes our natural environment, which as citizens of this planet belongs to us all.
Sustainable aquaculture models exist and are the building blocks for the future of aquaculture. Existing technologies such as aquaponics, re-circulating systems, and traditional Hawaiian loko i`a (fishponds) are model systems to expand on. The Hawaiian loko i`a is clear example of a locally developed, sustainable and environmentally beneficial approach. Aquaculture can become a reliable source of safe and sustainable food here in Hawai`i and for the world, provided basic precautionary and common sense principles are followed.
The solutions listed below, in addition to lessons learned as aquaculture progresses, will lead us towards pono aquaculture across the planet without destroying our natural environment in the process. The future of aquaculture development must:
1. Not degrade natural resources, including water-quality, coral reefs, wild species, and natural environmental ecologies.
2. Have support of local communities regarding placement, location and operations.
3. Prohibit the use of chemicals and antibiotics in open environments.
4. Provide that wild species capture be for brood stock purposes only.
5. Prohibit genetically engineered feed, and feed produced from wild fish.
6. Never allow alien species or genetically modified species.
7. Have a negligible carbon footprint.
8. Respect the rights of native peoples at all times.
9. Not hamper or obstruct public access, navigation, or natural sight lines.
10. Be transparent through government-run monitoring, publicly available records, and significant public engagement at all levels.
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